TagSecurities Regulation

SEBI Circular on Minimum Public Shareholding

[Sarthak Karol is an associate at a law firm in Mumbai] By way of a Circular dated October 10, 2017, (“Circular”), the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) issued directions to stock exchanges to come down heavily on listed entities, their promoters and directors who are in breach of the 25% minimum public shareholding (“MPS”) norms mandated under regulation 38 of the SEBI (Listing...

The Supreme Court’s Liberal Interpretation of the SEBI Regulations on Fraudulent Trade Practices

[Jitesh Maheshwari is an Associate at Mindspright Legal in Mumbai] Introduction The Supreme Court last month passed a landmark judgment in SEBI v. Shri Kanaiyalal Baldevbhai Patel in which front running by a non-intermediary has been bought within  the prohibition of the SEBI (Prohibition of Fraudulent and Unfair Trade Practices Relating to Securities Market) Regulations, 2003 (the “PFUTP...

Regulation of Equity Based Crowdfunding in India

[Priyanka Sunjay is a Fourth year student, B.A., LL.B.(Hons), National Law University, Jodhpur] Crowdfunding is a means by which an entrepreneur or business raises financing by way of small contributions from a large number of individuals using mass communication through the Internet. It is usually used to raise funds for films, art, business ventures or social causes.  There are various types of...

Private Equity Investors as Promoters in an Initial Public Offer

[Guest post by Rashmi Ramanath, who is a 5th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School in Sonipat] The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of SKS Microfinance was a first of its kind. It was for the first time that a group of four venture capitalists led by Sequoia Capital India were named as promoters to an issue. Vikram Akula, one of the company’s founders, owned a 6% stake in the...

SEBI’s Policy on Self-Trades

[Guest post by Jitesh Maheshwari, Associate at Mindspright Legal in Mumbai] Introduction Self-trades are trades executed on the stock market in which the same entity is both buyer and seller. These trades do not represent a real change in beneficial ownership of the security. Earlier, the position on self-trades was that they create artificial or fictitious volume in the market, and give a false...

SEBI Informal Guidance on Profit Sharing Arrangements

Last year, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) clamped down on upside sharing arrangements between promoters or senior management of listed companies on the one hand and private equity investors on the other. Accordingly, the securities regulator amended the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (the “LODR Regulations”) to introduce regulation...

Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process and Implications on Securities Laws: Recent Changes

[Guest post by Yogesh Chande, Partner, Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas. View of the author are personal] SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 (“Takeover Regulations”)  The newly inserted provision in regulation 10 of the Takeover Regulations, notified on 14 August 2017, exempts an acquisition pursuant to a resolution plan approved under section 31 of...

SAT Rejects Appeals in the United Spirits Case

We had earlier this year discussed SEBI’s ad-interim ex parte order in the United Spirits Limited (USL) case by which several persons (including Mr. Vijay Mallya) were prohibited from buying, selling or otherwise dealing in any securities, with some of them being restrained from holding positions as directors or key managerial personnel of any listed company. Against this, some of the persons...

SAT Order on “Shell” Companies

The issue of “shell” companies has captured the attention of the regulators over the last couple of years. There is a pervading sense of regulatory fear that, left unchecked, shell companies may be utilized for various illegal purposes, including money laundering. The Government has been taking steps at various levels to deal with what it visualizes as a menace of shell companies. One instance...

Report on Regulation of Credit Rating Agencies in India

[Guest post by Shreya Prakash, who is a Research Fellow in the Corporate Law & Financial Regulation vertical at the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy] Credit ratings are an opinion of a recognised entity on the relative creditworthiness of a debt instrument. Entities that form these opinions, i.e., credit rating agencies (‘CRAs’), are essential gatekeepers of the financial system. In fact...

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