TagCorporate Governance

Business Judgment Rule: The Indian Context

[Bharat Vasani is Senior Advisor – Corporate laws at the Mumbai office of Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas. An earlier version of this post was published on the Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas Blog] The business judgment rule is a legal presumption evolved by Delaware courts. The presumption is that while making business decisions, directors of a company act in good faith, on an informed basis and in the...

SAT Ruling in the Zee Entertainment Case

In a ruling late last month, the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) reversed an order of the chairperson of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) dated August 14, 2023 in the case involving Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited (ZEEL). The SEBI order had barred Mr. Punit Goenka from holding the position of director or key managerial personnel in ZEEL or other related companies. The...

SEBI Circular on ESG Disclosures of Value Chains: A Double-Edged Sword

[Avani Hegde and Praneel Panchagavi are 3rd year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) students at Symbiosis Law School, Pune] The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) issued a circular on July 12, 2023 notifying the mandate for environmental, social, and governance (ESG) disclosures and assurance requirements for value chains of the top 250 listed entities by market capitalization from the financial year...

SEBI’s Reforms for REITs/InvITs: Assessing the Broader Corporate Governance Concerns

[Nikhil Javali is a 4th year B.B.A. LL.B. student at National Law University Odisha] As real estate investment trusts (‘REITs’) and infrastructure investment trusts (‘InvITs’) gain global recognition as a powerful investment vehicle, India is taking significant strides towards aligning its REIT/InvIT regulations with global best practices. Across the world, REITs have emerged as a dominant...

Stricter Framework for Sale, Lease or Disposal of Undertaking by a Listed Entity

[Nitu Poddar is a Partner at Vinod Kothari and Company, and can be reached at [email protected]] Disposal of an undertaking (whole or substantially the whole) can be carried out either as part of a scheme of arrangement or otherwise by way of slump sale or business transfer agreement (‘BTA’). Disposal, other than by way of scheme of arrangement, has so far been regulated according to...

Analysis of SAT Order: Appointment of Independent Director Above 75 years

[Gaurav Pingle is a practising company secretary and can be reached at [email protected]] Considering the importance of independent directors on the boards of listed entities, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) has been amending the provisions relating to their appointment, re-appointment, appointment process, remuneration, and the like under the SEBI (Listing Obligations and...

SEBI’s Proposals to Enhance Corporate Governance by Empowering Shareholders

Over the last decade and, in particular, following the enactment of the Companies Act, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been gradually and consistently strengthening the governance norms pertaining to listed companies. Among other measures, SEBI has sought to focus on two specific matters, viz., (i) enhancing transparency in corporate matters; and (ii) empowering...

Debenture Holders’ Right to Object to Material Related Party Transactions

[Vinita Nair is a Senior Partner at Vinod Kothari & Company] The Securities and Exchange Board of India (‘SEBI’) continues to tighten the regulatory regime for debt-listed entities as it aims to promote the corporate bond market. After equating debt-listed entities with outstanding value of listed non-convertible debt securities of Rs. 500 crore and above with equity-listed entities for the...

Identification of Related Parties of Subsidiaries

[Aisha Begum Ansari is a Manager at Vinod Kothari and Company] The provisions pertaining to related party transactions (RPT) under the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (the ‘LODR Regulations’) were substantially amended by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on November 9, 2021. Pursuant to the amendments, the definitions of a related party...

The Regulatory Progression of ESG in India

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has had a pivotal status in the debates surrounding corporate law and governance at the turn of the century. Although CSR was ensconced in the idea of voluntarism by which companies and their boards are invited to pay attention to the interests of various constituencies affected by a company’s activities, in some jurisdictions such as India it...

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