TagInternational Developments

Open Banking and Competition in Retail Financial Markets

[Sourav Paul is a 3rd Year B.A. LL. B (Hons.) student at the National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata] Rapid technological innovations are changing the fundamentals of the retail financial markets, thereby opening up a new frontier for competition in the industry. The harbingers of the radical changes in the retail banking segment are fintech start-ups, who are deploying innovative...

Blockchain Arbitration in India: Adopting the Hybrid Model Envisaged by Mexican ‘Kleros’ Case

[Raghav Saha and Harshit Upadhyay are 3rd year B.A LL.B (Hons.) students at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] The recent developments in the domain of blockchain arbitration are redefining the traditional dispute resolution mechanism. Recently, a Mexican court upheld the legal validity of an arbitral award reached using the blockchain arbitration platform, ‘Kleros.’ The idea of...

The Promise of Private Enforcement of Competition Law in India

[Nimit Rajesh Goyal is a penultimate year student at the National Law University, Delhi. The author thanks Distinguished Prof. (Dr.) M.S. Sahoo and Prof. (Dr.) Ritu Gupta at the National Law University, Delhi for their insight and guidance] Private enforcement of competition law may be defined as enforcement by means of legal action brought about by victims of anti-competitive conduct before a...

Regulating the Honchos of the Online World – Big Tech Dominance

[Nityesh Dadhich is a IV year B.A., LL.B(Hons.) student at National Law University Delhi] On 20 January 2022, the U.S. Senate approved the American Innovation and Choice Online Bill. The Bill aims to control the abuse of dominance by ‘covered platforms’ operating over the internet. Section 2(h)(3) of the Bill defines ‘covered platform’ as the online platform having at least fifty million US-based...

Parent’s Duty of Care in Relation to a Subsidiary: India and Beyond

[Radhika Ghosh and Yatin Gaur are 3rd year B.A. L.L.B (Hons.) students at Hidayatullah National Law University in Raipur.] The English Supreme Court has yet again in the recent decision of Okpabi v Royal Dutch Shell considered the question of the jurisdictional challenges associated with claims being brought in England against a UK domiciled parent for the actions of its foreign subsidiary. The...

Shadow Trading – An Indian Perspective

[Mihir Deshmukh is an Associate at Finsec Law Advisors, Mumbai and Bhavya Solanki is a 4th-year student at Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai.] Coined by Mehta, Reeb, and Zhao, shadow trading is a theory of insider trading, which postulates that confidential information of a company could also be relevant for other economically-linked companies, and insiders could profit from trading in...

Oligopoly, Competition, Cartels and Beyond: Establishing the Need for ‘Collective Dominance’

[Swetha Somu is a 2nd year B.B.A. L.L.B (Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University in Gandhinagar] ‘Collective dominance’ in competition law points to a scenario where two or more independent undertakings, possibly through established economic links, hold a dominant position in the market together while still being independent of each other. This concept was first recognized in the...

Looking Beyond Gender to Make Corporate Boardrooms Diverse in India

[Harsh N Dudhe & Pranay Bhardwaj are III year BA LLB (Hons) students at NALSAR, Hyderabad. The authors would like to thank Dr. Akshaya Kamalnath for her comments on the post] On August 6, 2021, the U.S Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved a proposal by the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (Nasdaq), which aims to enhance the corporate board diversity for Nasdaq-listed companies. This...

TRIPS Waiver and the Covid-19 Pandemic

[Prajjwal Rathore is a III Year B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) student at the National Law School of India University, Bangalore] With the proposal led by India and South Africa for waiver of certain obligations of the TRIPS Agreement given the COVID-19 pandemic, the international community has been polarised along the lines of development. While several developing countries support the proposal for the...

Making Room for Third-party Arbitration Funding in the Indian Regime

[Oshin Malpani is a penultimate year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad] Third-party arbitration funding (“TPAF”) simply stated, is the funding extended to a claimant to pursue arbitration proceedings in exchange for a portion of the award (if) granted to them. It is a subset of the general third-party funding (“TPF”) that similarly funds other litigatory and...

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