TagInternational Developments

CCI’s E-commerce Report: A Cross-Jurisdictional Analysis

[Nidhisha Garg is a 4th-year B.A.LL.B (Hons.) student at the National Law Institute University Bhopal] On 8 January, 2020, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) released its report on e-commerce. The report is a result of an e-commerce market study carried out by the CCI starting April 2019, as a response to complaints by the Confederation of All-India Traders (CAIT) and National Restaurants...

Comparing Venture Capital Business Forms in India and China

My colleague Lin Lin and I have a working paper titled “Venture Capital In China And India: Does Business Form Matter?”. The abstract is as follows: This paper re-evaluates the importance of business organizational forms with regard to venture capital funds by exploring two major Asian markets, China and India. Evidence suggests that the limited partnership is the leading business form among...

“Group of Companies” Doctrine & Post-Negotiations in the Context of an Arbitration Agreement

[Achyutha GM and Pranika Correa are students at the Gujarat National Law University] The Supreme Court’s decision in Reckitt Benckiser (India) Pvt. Ltd. v. Reynders Label Printing India Private Limited on 1 July 2019 is a bittersweet journey for the doctrine of “group of companies”. The Court’s refusal to implead the foreign subsidiary saw the doctrine to its true spirit. However, a blanket ban...

Recommendation of Independent Directors in a Takeover: Need for a Relook

[Shreya Goyal is a 4th student at the West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata] The SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeover) Regulations, 2011 govern the acquisition of shares in listed companies in India. These Regulations (and their predecessors) have been tested during many corporate takeover battles in India. In the recent takeover episode between L&T...

Shareholding Patterns and Director’s Duty of Loyalty: Comparative Analysis of India and the US

[Ishani Mookherjee is a 3rd year B.A. LLB (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School] The Delaware Supreme Court, in Cede v. Technicolor Inc., examined the applicability of the business judgment rule in the United States (US). For a business decision to be protected by this rule, two conditions have to be satisfied – the duty of loyalty and the duty of reasonable care. This creates a...

The Need to Revisit Merger Control Thresholds in a Data Driven Economy

[Priyadarsini T P is a 4th year B.A LL.B (Hons) student at the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi] Implications of data on competition are manifold. One of the ways in which these manifest is when a horizontal merger takes place between two undertakings in a market where data are the input for delivery of a certain service. The adverse effects may be more serious when the market...

Settlements in Antitrust in India: The Right Road Ahead?

[Yash Bajpai is a 5th year B.B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Symbiosis Law School in Hyderabad] Introduction The concept of settlements is not something new to the global anti-trust regime. It is a regulatory mechanism used worldwide for disposing off anti-trust matters; however, this still seems to be a far fetched dream in the Indian competition regime. Several jurisdictions across the world...

Resolution of Disputes in the Insolvency Code: Need for Appellate Review

[Shubham Jain and Vishvesh Vikram are BA.LLB (Hons.) students at National Law University Delhi] The limits of the discretion which can be exercised by a resolution professional with regard to adjudication of claims of creditors under the Insolvency Code remain to be tested. The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (‘NCLAT’) in Saraogi Udyog v Vedanta Ltd (20 August 2018) refused to interfere...

Competition Law Concerns with Android Operating System: European Commission Throws a Hammer on Google

[Rajat Sharma is a 4th year B.A. LL.B (Business Law Hons.) student at National Law University, Jodhpur] Introduction It is an undeniable fact that mobile internet services make up for more than half of the global internet traffic, as also stated by European Union Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager. The statement came after the European Commission (EC) imposed a mammoth fine on Google...

Territorial Scope under General Data Protection Regulation

[Kunal Garg is an associate at Alaya Legal Advocates, New Delhi] After years of discussion and debate, the European Union (“Union”/“EU”) adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (“Regulation”) on April 8, 2016 for personal data protection of natural persons. This Regulation came into effect on May 25, 2018 replacing the old Directive 95/46/EC (“Directive”) on data protection. All the...

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