TagContract Law

Validity of Unstamped Instruments with Arbitration Clause: The Saga Continues

[Abhishek Mishra is an alumnus of Symbiosis Law School, Pune and practices at the Delhi High Court] By way of its judgment dated January 11, 2021 in N.N. Global Mercantile Pvt. Ltd. v. Indo Unique Flame Ltd., the Supreme Court reopened the seemingly settled issue of whether non-payment of stamp duty on a contract will invalidate the constituent arbitration clause as well. Due to contrary...

Self-Assessment of Non-Compete Clauses: The New Normal

[Pranshu Gupta and Roopam Dadhich are 4th year B.A.LL.B. (Hons.) students at NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad] On 26 November 2020, the Competition Commission of India (‘CCI’) introduced an amendment to the CCI (Procedure in regard to the transaction of business relating to combinations) Regulations, 2011 (‘Combination Regulations’), through which para 5.7 of Form I has been deleted making it...

Stay on NCLAT Order Rejecting Withdrawal of Resolution Plan – Unsettling the Dust Once Again

[Richa Pathak is an alumna of the London School of Economics and Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and Mansi Mishra is a fourth-year student at National Law Institute University, Bhopal]    The Supreme Court vide its order dated November 16,  2020, stayed the operation and effect of the judgment of the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (“NCLAT”) in the case of Kundan Care Products...

Foreign Jurisdiction Clauses in Commercial Contracts: An Indian Perspective

[Sneha Kalia is a 5th year B.B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School, Haryana] The advent of globalisation and burgeoning international business transactions essentially necessitate contracts with carefully carved-out dispute resolution provisions so as to mitigate the hassle of litigating in an inconvenient or time-consuming forum. To further that end, the incorporation of a...

Extinguishment of a Personal Guarantor’s Right of Subrogation: A Critique

[Vijay Rohan Krishna is pursuing his LLM (Corporate and Commercial Laws) at NUJS, Kolkata, and Sambhawi Sanghamitra is a 3rd year B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) student at CNLU, Patna] Ever since personal guarantors were made liable under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) by way of the notification dated 15 November 2019, their rights and liabilities under the IBC have been extensively debated...

The Yes Bank – Zee Case: Settling the Discomfort around Letters of Comfort

[Debayan Gangopadhyay and Rashmi Birmole are final and penultimate year B.A., LL.B. students respectively at ILS Law College, Pune] Occasionally, a debtor’s residence in a different jurisdiction or lack of creditworthiness may attract concerns and reluctance on part of the creditor. What often follows is the need for additional credit support or a “quasi-security”. In this post, the authors deal...

NCLAT on the Treatment of Power Purchase Agreements in Liquidation

[Apoorva Soni is a III year B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) student at National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi] The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (“NCLAT”), by its decision in the matter of Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (GUVNL) v. Yes Bank Ltd  dated October 20, 2020, held that a company could not terminate a Power Purchase Agreement (“PPA”) executed with a corporate debtor during...

E-contracts and E-signatures in a Post-Covid Era – Deficiencies in the Current Framework?

[Ayesha Bhattacharya is a graduate of the West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (Batch of 2019)] As the covid-19 pandemic continues to rage across the world, the corporate and the commercial factions of business have witnessed major disruptions. Most commercial negotiations rely on execution of documents in physical format and while start-ups and tech enabled businesses...

Litigation against Credit Rating Agencies: Delhi High Court Delineates the Scope

[Kajal Singh and Nikunj Maheshwari are 4th year law students at the Institute of Law, Nirma University, Ahmedabad.] Credit rating is a mechanism to address the asymmetry of information in the debt investment market, where the independent credit rating agencies (‘CRA’) rate the debt instruments issued by the borrower company (‘client’). Clients, to get their instruments rated, enter into an...

Force Majeure, Frustration and Impossibility: A Qualitative Empirical Analysis

[Smaran Shetty is a Senior Associate with Keystone Partners and Pranav Budihal is an LLM Candidate at the National University of Singapore] Force majeure has become a fairly common ground to avoid the performance of contractual obligations in a post Covid-19 world. In a time when lawyers and parties seek to examine their force majeure clause and reassess their contractual arrangements, we have...

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