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Legality of Cryptocurrency in India

[Sannat Chandna is a 5th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Amity Law School, Delhi] The year 2017 witnessed a tremendous growth in the stature and worth of cryptocurrencies. Such an increase has never earlier been witnessed in relation to trading in any currency or commodity of such a volatile nature. India’s finance minister, while presenting the budget 2018, expressly stated that the...

Cryptocurrency Investment Vehicles in India: Possibilities and Challenges – Part 2

[Job Michael Mathew is a 4th year BA.LL.B (Hons) student at NALSAR University of Law. The first part is available here.] Commodity Mutual Funds and Exchange Traded Funds? In light of the above discussion, an investment vehicle like a mutual fund tat invests in cryptocurrency and issues units of the fund in return for investing in the fund can be termed a commodity mutual fund since the underlying...

Cryptocurrency Investment Vehicles in India: Possibilities and Challenges – Part 1

[Job Michael Mathew is a 4th year BA.LL.B (Hons) student at NALSAR University of Law] Introduction In October 2009, for every dollar one could purchase 1309 bitcoins. At the beginning of 2017, the price of one bitcoin was close to $1000. It attained $5000 in October and nearly doubled in November. In December it rose to $20000 in some exchanges. This post does not attempt to document the reasons...

Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill: A Viable Project or a Doomed Battle?

[Malcolm Katrak is a Law Clerk to Justice (Retd.) S. N. Variava, Former Judge, Supreme Court of India] Recently, the Law Ministry affirmed the draft ‘Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2017’, which gives powers to the Government to confiscate property of economic offenders and defaulters. This Bill flows from the Finance Minister’s budget speech promising legislative changes to confiscate the...

SARFAESI Amendment: The “Qualified Buyers” Confusion Remains

[Akhileshwari Anand Raj is a 3rd year B.Com LL.B (Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] The amendments last year to the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) were long overdue. They sought to ensure that the various banking and recovery laws were in consonance with each other, and they also...

The Risky Truth about Investments by Banks: The RBI’s Amendment To Financial Services Directions

[Utsav Gandhi is a corporate lawyer based in Bangalore] Introduction The Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) last month amended the Master Direction – Reserve Bank of India (Financial Services provided by Banks) Directions, 2016 (“Directions”). This allows banks to invest in a multitude of entities such as Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”), Infrastructure Investment Trusts (“InvITs”)...

RBI Directions on Peer to Peer Lending

[Guest post by Samrudhi Chothani, an Associate at Bharucha and Partners, Mumbai and Saurav Roy, a IV B.A.LL.B student at the ILS Law College, Pune. Views are personal] Introduction The Peer to Peer (“P2P”) Lending sector is one with tremendous potential and requires robust regulation. P2P lending is similar to crowd-funding, where persons who want loans are connected with interested lenders. The...

Application Under SARFAESI: Supreme Court’s Liberal Approach

[Guest post by Richa Saraf, Assistant Legal Advisor at Vinod Kothari & Co.] In the case of M.D. Frozen Foods Exports Pvt. Ltd. v. Hero Fincorp Ltd.,[1] the Supreme Court held that there was no illegality in a non-banking finance company (“NBFC”) invoking the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (“SARFAESI Act”) for recovery of...

Liability of Personal Guarantors of a Corporate Debtor during the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process

[Guest post by Param Pandya, Research Fellow, Corporate Law and Financial Law, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, New Delhi. The views expressed by the author are personal.] On September 6, 2017, the Allahabad High Court in the case of Sanjeev Shriya vs. State Bank of India (“Sanjeev Case”) decided the question of the liability of personal guarantors of a company where moratorium under section 14 of...

Restrictive Remedy under Section 14 of the SARFAESI Act

[Guest post by Richa Saraf, Assistant Legal Advisor, Vinod Kothari & Co.] In a recent ruling of the Calcutta High Court in Union Bank of India & Anr. v. State of West Bengal & Ors. (September 1, 2017), the object and intention behind section 14 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (the “Act”) was discussed. The...

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