TagInsolvency

‘Beneficial Owner’ is not a ‘Related Party’ under the IBC

[Tejas A. Jha is an Advocate, practicing in New Delhi] Recently, a major cause of concern has been highlighted by legal experts in regard to financial creditors seeking to invoke pledged shares in the corporate debtor. The concern is that when the said pledged shares are invoked, the financial creditor’s seat in the committee of creditors of the corporate debtor (“CoC”) may be put to challenge on...

Supreme Court Invokes Article 142 to Permit Withdrawal of CIRP

[Raghav Bhatia is an Advocate, currently practising at the Supreme Court of India & the Delhi High Court. He can be contacted at [email protected]] Recently, the Supreme Court of India (“Supreme Court”) in Amit Katyal v. Meera Ahuja permitted the parties to settle the matter and withdraw the CIRP proceedings by invoking article 142 of the Constitution of India (“Constitution”). The...

Supreme Court Holds Tax Authorities to be Secured Creditors: Quandary Revived

[Sikha Bansal is a Partner and Neha Sinha an Executive at Vinod Kothari & Company. They can be reached at [email protected]] Earlier this week, in State Tax Officer v. Rainbow Papers Limited (6 September 2022), the Supreme Court (‘SC’) dealt with the question whether the provisions of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (‘IBC’), especially section 53, overrides section 48 of the...

SSB Retail India: Analyzing the Need to Safeguard the Scheme of the IBC

[Prakriti is a third-year student at the Hidayatullah National Law University] The enactment of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) was an active step by the legislature to provide a consolidated law for reorganization and insolvency resolution in India. It was an attempt to scrap the earlier existing defaulters’ paradise in India. The IBC has successfully pushed India upwards in the...

Enhanced Minimum Amount of Default under IBC – Retrospective or Prospective?

[Ashwin Bala Someshwerar is an LL.M. Student at TNNLU, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.] The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) issued a notification on 24 March 2020 (hereafter, ‘the notification’) enhancing the minimum amount of default under the proviso to section 4 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) from one lakh rupees to one crore rupees. The notification does not mention the...

Unpaid License Fees as ‘Operational Debt’: The Ambiguity Persists

[Soundarya Rajagopal and Palak Sheth are 4th year B.Com. LL.B. (Hons.) students at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] In Jaipur Trade Expocentre Pvt. Ltd. v. Metro Jet Airways Training Pvt. Ltd. (“Jaipur Trade”), a full-bench of the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (“NCLAT”) held that dues in relation to lease and license of immovable property constitute ‘operational debt’ under...

Supreme Court Decision in Vidarbha: Return to the Pre-IBC Era

[Abhismita Goswami is a Trainee Associate at Mindspright Legal, Mumbai] An application for initiating a corporate insolvency resolution process (“CIRP”) under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”/ “Code”) can be filed with the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLT”) by the financial creditors (“FCs”) and operational creditors (“OCs”) of a corporate debtor (“CD”), under section 7 and...

SC Clarifies Discretionary Nature of Section 7(5)(a), IBC for Admission of Application

[Anshita Dave and Abhyudaya Yadav are 4th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) students at Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur] The issue concerning the nature of section 7(5)(a) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (the “Code”) has been addressed by the Supreme Court of India in its recent decision in Vidharbha Industries Power Ltd v. Axis Bank Ltd. (12 July 2022), wherein the Court has...

Redefining the Contours for Admitting an Application by Financial Creditors

[Kavya Lalchandani is a Master of Corporate Law student at University of Cambridge] In a judgement dated 12 July 2022, in Vidarbha Industries Power Limited v. Axis Bank Limited, the Supreme Court (SC) ruled that admission of the application under section 7(5) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC or the Code) which is made by a financial creditor is discretionary while admission of an...

The Conundrum of Inter-se Priorities between Secured Creditors in Liquidation

[Arvind Tiwari is a IV year student at the National Law University, Delhi] The recent ruling of the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (“NCLAT”) in Oriental Bank of Commerce v. Anil Anchalia has rekindled the debate concerning the significance of inter-se priorities among secured creditors in the process of liquidation. In this matter, it was held that once a secured financial...

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