TagConstitution of India

Statutory Licensing and Internet Broadcasting: A Legal Conundrum

[Ayushi Singh and Abhishek Jamalpur are 4th year students at National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi] In May 2019 the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, in exercise of its powers conferred under section 78 of the Copyright Act, 1957, has proposed the Copyright Draft Amendment Rules, 2019 to amend some of the rules of the principal Copyright Rules, 2013. These Amendment Rules are...

Reassessment Proceedings under the Income Tax Act: Assessing Officer’s “Reason to Believe”

[Amrit Singh is a fourth-year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Institute of Law, Nirma University] According to section 2(9) of the Income Tax Act 1961, the term “assessment year” means the period of twelve months commencing on the 1st day of April every year. Reassessment means reopening the already completed assessment on fulfilment of certain conditions to reassess the total income of the...

Demystifying Pre-Deposit Clauses in Arbitration Agreements

[Anirudh Lekhi is an associate at a law firm in New Delhi, having graduated from National University of Juridical Sciences in 2017] Parties elect to incorporate pre-deposit clauses (PDCs) in arbitration agreements to principally weed out frivolous claims. Typically, PDCs provide for parties to deposit a portion of the amount claimed, with a bank, before initiating arbitration. In this regard, a...

Who Does India’s Draft Enabling Framework for Regulatory Sandbox actually Enable?

[Anupriya Dhonchak is a student at the National Law University New Delhi A longer version of this post is available on the Kluwer Competition Law Blog] One of the salient recommendations of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Working Group’s Report on FinTech and Digital Banking was the introduction of a regulatory sandbox in India. A regulatory sandbox is an innovative tool which allows market...

Income Tax Act: Appeals from the Dispute Resolution Panel

[Nishant Pande is a 4th year BA LLB (Hons.) student at NALSAR University of Law] The Dispute Resolution Panel (‘DRP’) is one of several bodies established in under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (the ‘IT Act’) to allow settlement of disputes with the help of an alternative dispute resolution (‘ADR’) mechanism. Section 253(2A) of the Act empowered the Revenue to prefer an appeal before the Income Tax...

Delimiting the Boundaries: Settlement Plan under the Insolvency Regime

[Varsha Gupta and Tushar Behl are 4th year students at the School of Law, UPES, Dehradun] The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 was enacted with the objective of facilitating time-bound resolution of corporate persons, among others, for maximizing the value of assets of such persons. Considering the resolution objective of the Code, section 12A was introduced through the Insolvency and...

Constitutionality of IBC viz-a-viz Operational Creditors: Swiss Ribbons Judgment

[Ashish Rana is an Advocate on Record in the Supreme Court of India] This post is in continuation from my previous post “Binani Judgment: Ray of Hope for Operational Creditors”. Recently, in Swiss Ribbons vs. Union of India, the Supreme Court has upheld the constitutional validity of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 against various challenges. In this post, I shall be dealing only with...

Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code

“The defaulter’s paradise is lost. In its place, the economy’s rightful position has been regained”[1] It is not at all surprising that those affected by debt recovery and insolvency legislation, being primarily debtors, would mount constitutional challenges to those legislation. Earlier examples include challenges to the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 (D Ravikumar v...

Accounting for a Brief Stint of Unconstitutionality: Equalisation Levy Fixed by GST

[Debarshi Chakraborty is a 3rd year B.A., LL.B. student at National Law University Odisha] Considering the potential of the booming digital economy and the fast expanding nature of its business operations, it is essential to address the challenges extensively, particularly in terms of taxation of digital transactions. In addressing such challenges, and in keeping abreast with the emerging global...

Delhi High Court Circumscribes SEBI’s Power to Initiate Adjudication Proceedings

Independent regulators must demonstrate their independence and fairness in their actions in order to maintain credibility. For this, the process by which they carry out their actions must be robust. This applies equally to India’s securities regulator, SEBI, which is the earliest independent regulator in the post-liberalisation era and one that heralded the advent of an array of similar...

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