TagTaxation

Delhi ITAT Ruling on Liaison Office and Permanent Establishment

[Dibya Prakash Behera is a 5th Year BA. LLB (Corporate Law Hons.) student at National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi] In September this year, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Delhi delivered a landmark judgement in Hitachi High Technologies Ltd v. The Dy. Commissioner of Income Tax. The Tribunal held that the liaison office (LO) of Hitachi High Technologies Singapore Pte Ltd...

Expenses Incurred by the Assessee: Penal or Compensatory in Nature?

[Amrit Singh is a fourth-year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Institute of Law, Nirma University] Section 37 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 states that any expenditure laid out or expended wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the business or profession shall be allowed for deduction. However, this provision excludes the nature of expenditure mentioned in sections 30 to 36, capital expenditures...

Reassessment Proceedings under the Income Tax Act: Assessing Officer’s “Reason to Believe”

[Amrit Singh is a fourth-year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Institute of Law, Nirma University] According to section 2(9) of the Income Tax Act 1961, the term “assessment year” means the period of twelve months commencing on the 1st day of April every year. Reassessment means reopening the already completed assessment on fulfilment of certain conditions to reassess the total income of the...

Taxation as a Form of Regulating Cryptocurrencies In India

[Samarth Chaudhari is a final year LL.B. student at Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat] Cryptocurrencies, derived from the innovation of blockchain technology, can function as a reliable online payment method with several benefits.[1] However, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has unambiguously prohibited all financial institutions regulated by it from dealing in cryptocurrencies and its related...

Income Tax Act: Appeals from the Dispute Resolution Panel

[Nishant Pande is a 4th year BA LLB (Hons.) student at NALSAR University of Law] The Dispute Resolution Panel (‘DRP’) is one of several bodies established in under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (the ‘IT Act’) to allow settlement of disputes with the help of an alternative dispute resolution (‘ADR’) mechanism. Section 253(2A) of the Act empowered the Revenue to prefer an appeal before the Income Tax...

The Threat of Unconstitutionality to Explanation II to Section 37 of the Income Tax Act

[Priya Garg is a 5th year student at West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata] Explanation II added to Section 37 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (“IT Act”), which became effective from 1 April 2014, runs the risk of violating Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution of India. This post explains the reason behind this proposition. Explanation II states that any...

The ‘AMP Expenses’ Dilemma in Transfer Pricing: Can the Supreme Court Clear the Dust?

[Shannon Khalkho is a IV year B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) student at the National Law School of India University, Bangalore] Introduction The issue of advertisement, marketing and promotion (AMP) expenses incurred by a domestic entity for its foreign associate entity (foreign AE) has been mired in controversy since its entry into the realm of transfer pricing, essentially because of a lack of statutory...

Analyzing the Applicability of GAAR to Schemes of Arrangement

[Varun Kannan is a 4thyear student at NUJS, Kolkata]. In a recent post on this Blog, Prof. Umakanth Varottil has elaborately examined the NCLT decision rejecting the proposed scheme of merger of Gabs Investments Private Limited into Ajanta Pharma Limited. In this post, I shall specifically analyze the applicability of the General Anti-Avoidance Rules (“GAAR”) against a proposed scheme of...

Non-Deductibility of CSR Expenditure under the Income Tax Act: Some Concerns

[Priya Garg is a 5th year student at West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata] The Income Tax Act, 1961 (“IT Act”) allows various business expenses to be claimed as ‘deductions’ while computing taxable income under the head ‘profit and gains of business or profession’.[1] Section 37 of the IT Act is a residuary provision on deductions. It permits any business...

The Taxation Predicament of Slump Exchanges

[C. H. Anvita and Anirudh Venkatesh are 4thYear BA LLB (Hons.) students from School of Law, Christ (Deemed to be University, Bengaluru] Background The Mumbai bench of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (“ITAT”) has, in two sequential decisions in the months of January and May, 2018[1] (in which, the latter case reiterated the reasoning and decision of the former), reignited discussions on the...

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