TagCompany Law

A Comment on a Delhi High Court Ruling on Shareholder Derivative Actions

One of the age-old tenets of corporate law is the “proper plaintiff” rule laid down in the seminal case of Foss v Harbottle, (1843) 2 Hare 461. According to this rule, where a wrong has been done to a company, it is only the company and not an individual shareholder who may bring an action to seek redress. This represents a wholesome recognition of the separate legal personality of the company...

Bombay High Court Order in the Zee-Invesco Case: A Critical Analysis

Among the current wave of shareholder activism in Indian companies is the effort by Invesco, an investor in Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited, to replace members of the board of directors of Zee, including to remove the company’s managing director and CEO. In September, Invesco, which holds 17.88% of Zee’s equity shares, requisitioned the board to call for an extraordinary general meeting...

Directors’ Liability and Climate Risk in India

Climate change has garnered significant attention given that it poses a serious challenge to sustainable development. No longer is it merely within the domain of voluntary conduct on the part of corporations. Instead, it is a material financial risk that corporations encounter, thereby imposing duties on the boards of directors of corporations to recognise and address climate risk. In “Directors’...

The Need for Standardizing Valuation Methods in Corporate Insolvency

[Saurabh Agnihotri is a 4th year BA. LLB student and Ayushi Mehta a 4th year BBA. LLB student at Gujarat National Law University] Under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”), valuation of assets is one of the core features dealt with in a corporate insolvency resolution process (“CIRP”). The process of valuation conducted by registered “valuers” or valuation professionals helps...

Coverage of Future Misconduct under Oppression and Mismanagement

[Priya Garg is an Assistant Lecturer, OP Jindal Global University, Guest Faculty at NALSAR and Founding Trustee at The Corporate House and Saloni Kumari is a student research fellow at The Corporate House and law student at National Law University, Delhi] Recent corporate governance episodes have resulted in a greater invocation of the provisions under the Companies Act, 2013 (‘2013 Act’)...

To Compel or not to Compel: Extension of Arbitration Agreements to Non-Signatories

[Kushagra Jain and Vasundhara Sharan are 4th-year law students at Symbiosis Law School, Noida] The rapid globalization and growing institutionalization of international commercial disputes has led to a plethora of international and national laws, rules, and commentary. Reference to arbitration originates from the contours of the arbitration agreement and maintains privity of contract, consent by...

Analysing the Oppression Remedy in India: Is it “Just and Equitable”?

[Devika Bansal and Naina Bora are third-year law students at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] Spanning over a four-year period, the dispute in Tata Consultancy Services Limited v. Cyrus Investments Pvt. Ltd. recently came to an end with the Indian Supreme Court (“SC”) dismissing allegations of oppression and mismanagement. This SC judgement has highlighted...

The Continued Influence of Foss v. Harbottle in India

[On 6 March 2021, the Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) organised a JGLS Virtual Discourse titled “Action by Minority Shareholders and the Rules in Foss v. Harbottle (1843) 2 Hare 461”. It was structured as a comparative discussion, with James d’Apice discussing the Australian position and me the Indian position. In this post, I summarise the key points I made during the session. My thanks go to...

UKSC on Parent’s Liability for Environmental Violations of Foreign Subsidiaries

[Raghav Harini N is a final year student at ILS Law College, Pune] In a recent landmark decision in Okpabi v Royal Dutch Shell Plc, the Supreme Court of United Kingdom (UK) has permitted a jurisdiction appeal against a UK-domiciled parent company for the environmental violations of its Nigerian subsidiary. This judgment makes a significant contribution to the fields of human rights, environmental...

Flip Structure Transactions: Regulatory Implications in India

[Divyansh Nayar is a 5th Year B.A.LL.B student and Arth Singhal a 4th Year B.A.LL.B student, both at National Law University Odisha] Over the last decade, the concept of a “flip” has gained popularity in the venture capital circles, especially amongst Indian startups seeking support from foreign investors. A “flip” transaction is one where an Indian company incorporates a company in a favourable...

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