TagDebt Restructuring

The Resurgence of Schemes of Arrangement in Insolvency and Liquidation

Schemes of arrangement have historically been available under Indian company law as a means to carry out corporate debt restructuring. However, as I have found in this paper, schemes were hardly used for this purpose in India. The enactment of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) and the implementation of the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) therein were expected to...

Supreme Court on RBI’s Circular Relating to Insolvency: A Critical Analysis

[Rishabh Sant Tiwari is a 5th year B.A. LL.B. (Business Law Honours) student at National Law University, Jodhpur, India] The 12 February 2018 circular of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was assailed as ultra vires the powers given to it under the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 in Dharani Sugars and Chemicals Ltd. v. Union of India. The Challenge Curious Case...

Subordination of Operational Creditors under IBC: Whether Equitable?

[Vinod Kothari and Sikha Bansal are at Vinod Kothari & Company and can be reached at [email protected]] Introduction Section 53 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) puts unsecured financial creditors above the claims of the governments. These unsecured financial creditors may  actually be even related parties and, therefore, the underlying financial transaction may be...

The Battle against Non-Performing Assets

[Pranjal Doshi is an MCL Candidate, University of Cambridge] The foundation of an enduring banking industry lies in robustly crafted recovery mechanisms. It promotes the stable existence of the borrower-lender relationship. Incongruously, non-performing assets (“NPAs”) have grown substantially in India from 9.2% (September 2016) to 10.2% (September 2017)[1], amounting to ₹8,36,782 crores (October...

Financial Exposure of Secured Creditors and the Relevance of Vertical Comparison in Resolution

[Richa Saraf is a Legal Advisor at Vinod Kothari Consultants Pvt. Ltd.] An effective conduct of the corporate insolvency resolution process calls for an insight into the ranking of claims of various creditors. In most resolution plans, one finds that the financial creditors are paid a particular value as settlement of claims, and no specific provision exists as to how this amount is to be...

Why the RBI and IBBI Need to Work Together to Effectively Handle the Resolution of Stressed Assets

[Anirudh Gotety is a 4th year student pursuing B. B. A., LL. B. (Business Law Honours) at National Law University, Jodhpur. He can be contacted at [email protected]] The introduction of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”) has led to a paradigm shift in the debt recovery mechanism in India. The IBC was a much-needed legislation given the plethora of central and state laws...

Reforms to Restructuring Plans Under the Joint Lenders’ Forum

[The following post is contributed by Nitu Poddar, Practicing Company Secretary, and Vallari Dubey, Executive, at Vinod Kothari & Co. They can be reached at [email protected] and [email protected] respectively.] The Joint Lenders’ Forum (JLF) and Corrective Action Plan (CAP) work on the principle of identifying the stress in a borrower entity and curing it at its nascent stage. The...

Debt Restructuring Through Scheme of Arrangement

I have posted a working paper titled “The Scheme of Arrangement as a Debt Restructuring Tool in India: Problems and Prospects” on SSRN, the abstract of which is as follows: The goal of this paper is to analyse the scheme of arrangement as a debt restructuring tool in India and the extent to which it has been utilised. It finds that the scheme has been used sparingly for debt restructuring in...

Attempt at Easing Out the NPA Crisis: An Analysis of the RBI’s Reform Efforts

[The following post is contributed by Neelasha Nemani, who is a 5th year student at National Law University Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack.] The “bad loan crisis” that has gripped India’s large banking sector didn’t just happen overnight. This problem has long since been the elephant in the room; in other words, it has been the most obvious impending risk that neither the legislature nor the regulator...

Takeover Regulations and the Banking Sector

Two separate but recent developments underscore the need to treat the banking sector differently when it comes to compliance with the SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 (the “Takeover Regulations”). While the first relates to the applicability of the Takeover Regulations to capitalization of banks, the second relates to restructuring debts of borrower...

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