TagCompetition Law

Algorithmic Collusion: Can the Competition Act Protect against Self-Learning Algorithms?

[Digvijay R. Singh is a 4th year BA LLB (Hons.) student at National Law School of India University, Bangalore] An algorithm is an application of reasoning by artificial intelligence (“AI”) for the finding of a probable solution to a problem. Algorithms are relied upon for the cost and efficiency benefits attributed to them. In the present day, algorithms contribute to an enterprise in multiple...

Oligopoly, Competition, Cartels and Beyond: Establishing the Need for ‘Collective Dominance’

[Swetha Somu is a 2nd year B.B.A. L.L.B (Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University in Gandhinagar] ‘Collective dominance’ in competition law points to a scenario where two or more independent undertakings, possibly through established economic links, hold a dominant position in the market together while still being independent of each other. This concept was first recognized in the...

CCI’s Penalty on Amazon: A Necessary Intervention

[Saikishan B Rathore is a 4th year BSW LLB (Business Corporate and Financial Law Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] In a first of its kind, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) on 17 December 2021 found Amazon NV Investment Holdings LLC (Amazon) guilty of contravening sections 43-A, 44 and 45 of the Competition Act, 2002 (Act). By way of its order dated 17...

Rise of Low Cost Carriers: Reexploring the Traditional Market Definition

[Akshat Kothari is a 3rd year law student at Institute of Law, Nirma University] The Indian aviation industry is attracting customers by offering affordable services.  However, the industry arguably suffers from its oligopolistic nature, since 90.5% of the market share vests with only few players. The interdependence in oligopoly allows the firms to operate in combinations and it gives rise to...

The Need for a “Right to Repair” in India

[Ganesh BL is an Associate at a law firm in Mumbai and Muskaan Ahuja is an Associate at a law firm in Delhi] The notion of the ‘right to repair’ is simple and effective: an individual purchasing a product must own it completely. Apart from being able to use the product in any way they wish to, consumers must also have the right to modify or repair the product whenever, however, and in whichever...

CCI’s Opaque Penalty Regime: Need for Perspicuous Penalty Guidelines?

[Naman Katyal is a 4th-year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] Since its inception, the Competition Commission of India (‘CCI’) has faced criticism for not supporting its calculations of quantum of penalty with suitable justifications and, therefore, levying arbitrary penalties in a number of judgements by courts and tribunals alike. In fact, section...

Online Certificate Course on Competition Law: 27-28 November 2021

[Announcement on behalf of Fortitude Learning] Through this course we seek to provide the participants with an in-depth knowledge of various aspects of Competition Law practice used all around India and globally. This course is curated to provide the participants with a comprehensive understanding of various aspects of Competition Law. Topics to be covered Bid Rigging and Collusive Rigging Merger...

Call for Submissions for the Special Issue of NLS Business Law Review

[Announcement on behalf of the NLS Business Law Review] The Board of Editors of the National Law School Business Law Review is pleased to invite original and unpublished manuscripts for the Special Issue of the NLS Business Law Review. About the Institution The National Law School of India University is an institution of legal education focusing on legal and policy education in India at the...

The Beer Cartel Case: A Way Forward for the CCI

[Prashant Kumar is a 4th-year student of Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi] In an order dated September 24, 2021, the Competition Commission of India found United Breweries Limited (UBL), Carlsberg India Private Limited, SABMiller India Limited, and All India Brewers’ Association (AIBA), along with their respective key personnel (collectively, the Opposite Parties) guilty of...

Arbitrability of Antitrust Disputes

[Avnish Prakash and Sakshi Jha are 4th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) students at Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur] Arbitration is a private and consensual mode of dispute settlement which has gained immense importance in the contemporary commercial era. Fundamentally, disputes before arbitration must be of private nature, as it is not considered appropriate if disputes with public...

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