TagFinancial Markets

Use Cases of a Digital Rupee to the Average Household and Business in India

In her Budget Speech, the Finance Minister announced a proposal to issue a Digital Rupee by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) starting financial year 2022-23. What functions might a Digital Rupee (synonymously, a central bank digital currency or CBDC) issued by the RBI, serve? Identifying the use-cases of a CBDC is critical to the design of the Digital Rupee, and the design of the infrastructure...

LIBOR Transition: Reassessing the Risks and the Viability of Alternative Reference Rates

[Mukund Arora is a second-year BBA LL.B. (Hons.) student at the Symbiosis Law School, Pune] London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) was a benchmark rate used to price lending transactions among major global banks in the international market. It demonstrated the borrowing costs between banks on unsecured terms. According to the Federal Reserve System, it was utilized to price financial products...

Non-Fungible Tokens: An Indian Perspective

[Aiyushi Mehrotra is a 4th  Year B.A., LLB. student at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] Non-fungible tokens (“NFTs”) are digital blockchain tokens that identify ownership or particulars of unique items, whether they be digital or real in form. They are traded and programmed in the same way as cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, but that is where the similarities...

SAFE Notes: A Novel Funding and ‘Safe’ Method?

[Devansh Parekh and Tanishq Mohta are BLS. LL.B. students at the Government Law College, Mumbai] When early-stage companies set out to raise capital, they are often presented with multiple fundraising vehicles to accomplish their goal. Over the years, hybrid instruments for investments such as Convertible Compulsory Debentures (“CCD”) and Compulsory Convertible Preference Shares (“CCPS”) have...

IFSCA-GNLU Certificate Course on Financial Market Laws

[Announcement on behalf of Gujarat National Law University (GNLU)] The commercial dialogue among business entities is incomplete without financial communications. The role of law, specifically the financial market (laws and regulations), is significant to regulate the financial activities of the business entities in the financial market. Since 1991, with the liberalized economic policy (Indian...

Emerging Dispute Resolution Solutions

[Pramod Rao is Group General Counsel, ICICI Bank. This post represents his personal views] Resolving disputes civilly among individuals, or among individuals and enterprises, is a hallmark of a civilized society. Adoption of uniform, standard procedures and processes for dispute resolution provides the required confidence to citizenry, consumers and commercial enterprises that contracts and...

AIF Units as ‘Securities’ and its Ripple Effect on Taxation

[Priya Maharishi and Vansh Singla are 4th B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) students at Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat] With the growth of start-ups and early-stage companies, there is a continuous need for long-term capital investments and management expertise. Pooled investment funds can fulfil this need as they have forbearance unlike other sources of capital like public funding. These pooled investment...

India’s Attempt to Regulate SPACs: Sponsors in the Spotlight

[Anushri Uttarwar is a 4th year law student at O.P. Jindal Global University] On March 11, 2021, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) formed a group of experts to study the viability of introducing structures like special purpose acquisition companies (“SPACs”) in India. Contrary to SEBI’s guarded position, the International Financial Services Centre Authority (“IFSCA”) has already...

Towards a Proportionate Regulatory Framework for Virtual Currencies

[Anshul Semwal is a 5th year B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) student at the National Law School of India University, Bangalore] On April 6, 2018, the Reserve Bank of India (‘RBI’), a staunch critic of virtual currencies (‘VCs’), issued a circular banning the trade of VCs. The ban was short-lived as, two years later, the Supreme Court quashed the circular on the ground of proportionality in Internet and Mobile...

Why is Bilateral Netting Relevant?

[Lakshmi Babu is a corporate lawyer with an interest in financial regulation] The Central Government has recently notified the Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act, 2020 (“Netting Act”), which intends to implement the process of bilateral netting among eligible financial parties. The Netting Act is effective from October 1, 2020. Netting, in essence, means the off-setting of all...

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