TagForeign Investment

SEBI Informal Guidance on Foreign Portfolio Investments in Unlisted Non-Convertible Debentures

[Kosha Thaker is a corporate lawyer with a law firm in Mumbai] Background Earlier, registered foreign portfolio investors (“FPIs”) were permitted to invest only in listed non-convertible debentures (“NCDs”) or to-be listed non-convertible debentures (i.e. if the NCDs were listed within a period of 15 days from such investment). There was, however, a special carve out for FPIs investing in...

Cross Border Mergers in India: RBI Notification and Some Implications

[Roshni Menon is a 5th year B.A., LL.B (Hons.) student at School of Law, Christ University in Bangalore] Upon tracing the history of cross border mergers in India, one finds that the erstwhile Companies Act, (“1956 Act”) did contain provisions relating to the subject, however limited in its application. This law permitted a merger between a foreign company and an Indian company where the...

Analysis of “Externalisation” under Indian Law

[Deepansh Guwalani is a 4th Year Student at ILS Law College, Pune] Introduction “Externalisation” is a strategy of incorporating holding companies in offshore jurisdictions to enjoy certain benefits which the home country does not offer. The strategy is employed by companies to move their corporate structures away from the Indian tax and regulatory regimes. How it is done The process of...

“Single-brand” Retail Trading Remains an Ambiguity in the Indian FDI Policy

[Dhanush Dinesh is a III Year, B.A. LL.B (Hons.) student at the National Law School of India University, Bangalore] Introduction Press Note 1 of 2018, amending the 2018 Indian FDI Policy, has been the cause for much celebration amongst foreign-owned entities engaging in single-brand retail trading (“SBRT”). With this press note, the entry route for foreign investment in SBRT has been simplified...

Why the FDI Policy’s Price Influence Restrictions on E-Commerce Marketplaces Have Failed

[Mark Papang and Sanchit Varma, 4th year students at NALSAR University of Law] Introduction The FDI Policy of India contains a number of provisions to ensure that the employment of foreign capital does not militate against healthy competition in the e-commerce sector. However in practice, many of these provisions have not had a significant impact on the manner in which e-commerce entities operate...

Press Note 1 of 2018: Revision of the FDI Regime

[Amitabh Robin Singh is a corporate lawyer practising in Mumbai] The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has issued Press Note 1 of 2018 dated January 23, 2018 (“PN 1”), which liberalizes the foreign direct investment (“FDI”) regime across various sectors. However, I would like to open this post by not discussing a particular sector, but with the language that concludes PN 1. There has...

Amendments to the Regulatory Framework for REITs And InvITs: An Analysis

[Jubair Bhati and Anjali Choudhary are 5th year B.B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) students at School of Law, Raffles University, Neemrana (Rajasthan)] The regulatory framework for real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) and infrastructure investment trusts (“InvITs”) was first introduced by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) in 2014.  However, these structures did not experience a great...

Anti-Dilution and Rights Issue: On the Right Side of the Law?

[Job Michael Mathew is a 4th year BA.LL.B (Hons) student at NALSAR University of Law. He may be reached at [email protected]] This post examines whether the instrument of rights issue can be used by unlisted companies in enforcing anti-dilution provisions which may be one of terms in a shareholders’ agreement with a foreign investor. Put simply, anti-dilution means compensating the investor...

Inconsistency between FDI policy and FCRA in the Media Sector

[Aditya Singh Rajput and Nelson Chaudhuri are researchers at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), New Delhi. The authors thank Radhika Pandey and Sumant Prashant from NIPFP for their valuable inputs] The post highlights an inconsistency which exists in the current Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy and the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (FCRA) with respect...

FDI in the Aviation Sector

Jae Woon Lee and I have a working paper titled “Skies Half Open: Foreign Investment in India’s Airline Industry”, the abstract of which is as follows: The foreign investment regime governing the airline industry has been the subject matter of considerable debate. Our goal in this paper is to supplement the literature by embarking on an analysis of the foreign investment regime in India and...

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