TagCorporate Bonds

Measuring outputs v. outcomes: Did the restriction on foreign investment in local debt achieve the intended outcome?

[The following guest post is contributed by Anurag Dutt, Arpita Pattanaik and Bhargavi Zaveri, who are researchers at the Finance Research Group at the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai.] A good policymaking process requires significant regulatory capacity. Before the policy is enacted, the State must (a) identify a market failure and an appropriate intervention to address...

Foreign Portfolio Investments in Unlisted Non-Convertible Debentures

[The following post is contributed by Amitabh Robin Singh, who is a corporate lawyer practising in Mumbai.] Last month, the Reserve Bank of India (“RBI“) allowed Foreign Portfolio Investors (“FPIs“) to invest in unlisted non-convertible debentures (“NCDs“). This has been done by way of an amendment to the Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or Issue of...

Liberalized Regime for Issuance of Masala Bonds

An attractive option for Indian companies raising finances is to issue rupee-denominated bonds to persons residing outside India. Popularly known as “masala bonds”, some of these may even be listed on foreign stock exchanges. Naturally, the legal regime governing these bonds, particularly from the purview of corporate law, securities regulation and foreign exchange laws is of relevance. Over a...

Supersession of Bond Terms by State Legislation Disallowed

In Kalyan Janta Sahakari Bank v. State of Gujarat, a division bench of the Gujarat High Court was concerned with whether a legislation passed by the Gujarat State Legislature can unilaterally alter the terms of an issue of bonds by the government company to the detriment of the bond investors. The Court answered in the negative by striking down the legislation on grounds of lack of legislative...

India Plans to Tap into Green Bonds

[The following guest post is contributed by Arundhuthi Bose, who is an Executive at Vinod Kothari & Co.] Introduction Issuing bonds to raise funds from investors is not a novel concept. A bond, in common parlance, is an instrument evidencing indebtedness of the bond issuer to the bondholders. Here, a debt instrument is issued by the issuer to the investor, under which the issuer...

RBI Introduces Rupee-Denominated Bonds Regime

[The following guest post is contributed by Vinod Kothari of Vinod Kothari & Co.] Continuing with some other recent moves to liberalise the options of raising debt from external sector, the Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) on 29 September, 2015 announced new guidelines (the “Guidelines”) for issuance of rupee-denominated bonds (“RDBs”) overseas. The Guidelines are much more...

Improving the Regulatory Framework Governing Masala Bonds

[The following post is contributed by Dhanush. M, a 5th year student at the Jindal Global Law School] “Masala bonds” refers to rupee denominated bonds issued in offshore capital markets which would be offered and settled in US dollars to raise Indian rupees from international investors for infrastructure financing in India. Masala bonds could prove to be a viable source of corporate finance as...

RBI Proposal on Rupee Linked Bonds

In the past, rupee denominated bond issuances have essentially been available to multilateral institutions, of which the International Finance Corporation (IFC) had availed of them. Now, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced a draft framework, which allows Indian companies as well to tap this avenue for raising debt. Indian corporates that are eligible to avail of external commercial...

Bonus Debentures: Features and Implications

[The following post is contributed by Prachi Narayan of Vinod Kothari & Company. She can be contacted at prachi@vinodkothari.com.] Introduction The reward of being a shareholder is singular: share in profits of the company. A few widely known forms of corporate rewards include cash dividends, bonus...

Indian Companies Issuing Securities Overseas

Historically, Indian companies have issued equity instruments in the form of depository receipts (either American depository receipts (ADRs) or global depository receipts (GDRs)) or convertible debt instruments in the form of foreign currency convertible bonds (FCCBs). Of late, such overseas securities issuances have reduced quite significantly. Now, the Government has revamped the legal regime...

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