TagCompanies Act

Analysing the Change in Law Regarding Issuance of Sweat Equity Shares

[Vartika Tiwari is a 3rdYear student of National Law Institute University, Bhopal and is on the Editorial Board of NLIU Law Review] On 16 January 2016, the Government launched the “Startup India”campaign and ever since it has been making constant efforts to promote startups and make the country business friendly. There is no denying the fact that India has come a long way since then. In fact, it...

Testing the Validity of a Type of Shareholders’ Agreements in India

[Priya Garg is a 4th year student at the West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS)]  In the Indian context, shareholders’ agreements (SHAs) have been widely categorized into two types – one, that impose restrictions on the transferability of shares held by the shareholders who happen to be the parties to the SHA (type 1 SHA) and the other, which deal with the matters relating...

Cross-Characterization of Share Capital

[Naren BS is an independent legal consultant and was previously a Senior Associate with a leading law firm] This post represents a brief discussion on the characteristics of equity and preference capital under the Companies Act, 2013 and the flexibility of cross-characterization between the two kinds of capital, i.e. imputing the characteristics of one kind of capital to the other. Background and...

Arbitrability of Oppression and Mismanagement – Rakesh Malhotra & After

[Deepanshi Ahlawat is a 5th year B.A., L.L.B. (Hons.) student at National Law School of India University in Bangalore. Earlier posts on the topic are available here, here and here] Introduction Oppression and mismanagement (“O&M”) disputes in India are governed by sections 241 & 242 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“2013 Act”) [analogous to sections 397, 398 & 402 of the Companies Act...

Decoding the Electoral Bearer Bond Scheme 2018

[Sharanya Shivaraman is a student (Class of 2019) at ILS Law College, Pune] In his budget speech 2017-2018 in February last year, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley addressed the issue of transparency in political contributions. His announcement regarding the introduction of electoral bonds generated significant debate and speculation. The Electoral Bond Scheme, 2018 was subsequently launched on...

Qualified Institutional Placements: SEBI Settles the Dust

[Shubham Sancheti is a 4th Year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad] The Securities and Exchange Board of India [“SEBI”] omitted clause (c) under Regulation 82 of the SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009 [“Regulations”] by way of a recent amendment [“Amendment”]. The provision falls in Chapter VIII of the Regulations which deals with...

Transferability of Winding-up Proceedings from High Court to NCLT

[Dheeresh Kumar Dwivedi is a lawyer at APJ SLG Law Offices New Delhi] The Companies Act, 2013 (“Act of 2013”) was passed with the object of consolidating and amending the law of corporations in India. Before the passage of the Act, the winding-up of a corporate debtor on the ground of ‘inability to pay debts’ was governed by the provisions of sections 433(e) and 434 of Companies Act, 1956 (“Act...

Winding-up and Liquidation: Demarcation by the Bombay High Court

[Shubham Sancheti and Prashamsha  Tulachan are 4th Year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) studentsat NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad] The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 [“Code”] entailed various interpretation lacunae and, the Central Government is constantly seeking to bridge the emerging gaps. One of such lacuna pertained to the conflict between “Winding-up” under the Companies Act [“1956 Act” or...

Form PAS-3 for Privately Placed Issuance

[Vinita Nair is a Partner at Vinod Kothari & Company, and can be reached at [email protected]] One of the major concerns arising from enforcement of Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 is to ensure compliance of provisions of the substituted section 42. One of the clauses of section 42 restricts utilization of monies received from subscribers of a privately placed issue of securities...

Analysis of the Strike-Off Provisions under the Companies Act, 2013

[Utsav Mitra is a 3rd year B.A. L.L.B student from The National Law Institute University, Bhopal] Strike Off is a method prescribed under sections 248-252 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act”). These provisions have been notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs by way of a notification dated 26 December 2016. They provide an opportunity for defunct companies to get their names removed from...

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