TagCompanies Act

Regulation of Equity Based Crowdfunding in India

[Priyanka Sunjay is a Fourth year student, B.A., LL.B.(Hons), National Law University, Jodhpur] Crowdfunding is a means by which an entrepreneur or business raises financing by way of small contributions from a large number of individuals using mass communication through the Internet. It is usually used to raise funds for films, art, business ventures or social causes.  There are various types of...

Ascertaining Legal Ramifications of Compensation Agreements- Part III (In Search of Common Law Defences to Statutory Violations)

[The following post, the third in a series, has been contributed by Rahul Sibal, 4th year student of NALSAR Hyderabad. The first two posts in the series are available here and here.] In the previous post it was argued that section 166  of the Companies Act, 2013 (the ‘Act’), which partially codified the common law doctrines of no-conflict and no-profit, did not provide for consent-based...

Restrictions on Layering of Subsidiaries Now Effective

In two earlier posts published in July (here and here), our guest contributors had voiced their trenchant criticism of the Government’s move to introduce restrictions of the ability of companies to create layers of subsidiaries. After a round of consultation, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has decided to implement the restrictions, which have now been brought into force. The MCA has...

NCLAT Ruling on Maintainability in the Tata Sons Case

Earlier this week, the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLAT”) issued its ruling in Cyrus Investments Pvt Ltd v. Tata Sons Ltd on whether the Mistry group’s action for oppression and mismanagement in respect of Tata Sons is maintainable. Although the NCLAT ruled that the Mistry group’s petition did not meet the requirements of maintainability under section 244 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the...

Conversion of Tata Sons into a Private Limited Company: In Whose Interest?

The proposed conversion of Tata Sons Limited from a public limited company to a private limited company has reignited the corporate governance issues that the Tata Group has faced over the last year or so. Menaka Doshi has an interesting piece (and an accompanying interview with two corporate lawyers) in BloombergQuint that sets out some of the background to why Tata Sons proposes (and that too...

Conflicts and Gaps in Regulatory Aspects of Schemes of Arrangement

[Guest post by Purvi Khanna, a 4th year student at NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad.] The Ministry of Corporate Affairs’ recent notifications formalise an overhaul in the procedure for Schemes of Arrangements (“SoA”). . This post attempts to shed light on certain commercial aspects, and the inconsistencies and overlaps in the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 (the “Act”), the...

Object Clause under the Companies (Amendment) Bill: A Flip-Flop

[Guest post by Naman Kamdar, a 5th year BA LLB student at National Law University Odisha] The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was introduced in Parliament to usher in more changes to the recently amended Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act of 2013”). The Bill seeks to make substantial changes in the pattern of trade and commerce in the country by liberalizing the procedures and requirements for...

McDonald’s Case: NCLT Decision on Oppression

[Guest post by Enakshi Jha, who is a graduate from NALSAR University of Law and is currently working at a corporate law firm in Mumbai] McDonalds India has recently been in the news for shutting down 43 of its 55 Delhi outlets.  The bone of contention leading to this event is the ongoing dispute between Mr. Vikram Bakshi  and McDonalds India Private Limited (“MIPL”). This case has clarified that...

Arbitrability of Oppression and Mismanagement in India

[Guest by Aishwarya Singh, 5th year student at Jindal Global Law School] Background Sections 241 and 242 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“CA, 2013”) provide the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLT”) the present day authority to deal with the petitions pertaining to oppression and mismanagement. Under the previous Companies Act, 1956 (“CA, 1956”), this power was exercised by the Company Law Board...

The Companies Amendment Bill, 2017: Proposed Changes to Section 185

[Guest post by Amitabh Robin Singh, who is a corporate lawyer practising in Mumbai] With the Companies Amendment Bill, 2017 (“Amendment“) being passed by the Lok Sabha and sent to the Rajya Sabha, it would be pertinent to discuss one of the major changes proposed by the Amendment. The Amendment proposes to completely replace Section 185 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“2013...

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