TagCompanies Act

SAT on the Nature of Offering of Fully Convertible Debentures

[Aastha Agarwalla is a 2nd year law LLB student at the Campus Law Centre. Faculty of Law, University of Delhi] In order to streamline the process for access to capital for a company, the Companies Act, 2013 prescribes various funding options by issuing various kinds of securities. Depending upon the specific circumstances and requirements, a company pursues a viable financing option ranging from...

Application of Section 29A of the IBC to Schemes of Arrangement

[Nipuna Varman is a student at the NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad and Lalitha Nandula a student at the Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (IBC) focuses on two aspects, i.e., the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) and the liquidation process. The CIRP is prescribed for the revival of the corporate debtor. Under the IBC, the focal...

Debarment of Company Auditor: A Cursory Death Note

[Shubham Nahata is a 3rd year student of Hidayatullah National Law University] Chapter X of the Companies Act, 2013 contains provisions for regulating audit and auditors of the companies. Among other things, the chapter deals with the appointment, removal, disqualifications, and resignation of company auditors. Recently, the Bombay High Court in N. Sampath Ganesh v. Union of India dealt with the...

MCA Allows EGMs to be Conducted Virtually

[Aditi Nagpal is a 4th year BALLB student at Jindal Global Law School] The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) released a clarification through its General Circular 14/2020 dated 8 April 2020 which allows for extraordinary general meetings (EGMs) of companies to be conducted virtually. The Circular provides a welcome relief in light of the Covid-19 pandemic, and follows naturally in line...

Vacating Directorship in Companies: Examining a Fallacy

[Paras Ahuja is a third year law under-graduate at National law University, Jodhpur] Section 167(1) of the Companies Act, 2013 provides for several grounds that mandate directors of companies to vacate their office. Section 167(1)(a) provides for one such ground, wherein the office of the director shall become vacant if he is disqualified to be a director under section 164 of the Act. Under...

Disqualification of Directors: Construing Retrospectivity

[Aditya Singh Chauhan is a B.A. LL.B (Hons.) student at the National Law University, Jodhpur] The Companies Act, 2013 (“Act”), under section 164(2)(a), provides for the disqualification of directors of a company in case they fail to file financial statements and annual returns for a period of at least three (3) consecutive financial years. The provision reads as follows:  “No person who is or has...

MCA Clarifies on Legal Actions against Outside Directors

Recognizing the specific roles that different directors of a company play, section 149(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 contains a safe harbour provision that protects certain types of directors against liability. It relates to three types of directors, who are, for the sake of convenience, referred to as “outside” directors: (i) an independent director; (ii) a non-executive director who is not a...

MCA’s Proposals for Overhauling the Audit Industry

In corporate governance parlance, auditors are considered to be key “gatekeepers”. However, governance failures both in India and around the world have pointed fingers towards the role of auditors. This has led to a series of reforms that impose greater stringency on auditors and the audit process. For example, the audit provisions in the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act”)  have been designed...

The Sun Pharma Orders: NCLT Confounds the Law on Cross-Border Demergers?

[Shinoj Koshy is a partner and Mayank Labh an associate at L&L Partners. The views expressed are personal and do not constitute legal advice. An earlier post on the topic is available here.] On 19 December 2019, the Ahmedabad bench of National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLT”) passed the order in which it rejected an application made by Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited (“Sun Pharma”) for a...

NCLT Finds Cross-Border Demergers Impermissible under the Companies Act

An important question arose before the National Company Law Tribunal (NLCT), Ahmedabad bench. Are only cross-border mergers and amalgamations permitted under section 234 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act”), or does the provision also encompass cross-border demergers and other similar transactions? The NCLT answered that the scope of section 234 is narrow, and covers only cross-border mergers...

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