TagDebt Finance

Fast Track Debt Resolution Programme – Achilles Heel Of The Insolvency And Bankruptcy Code

[Tushar Kumar is a 4th Year BA LLB (Hons.) student at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow] The Ministry of Finance, in July 2018, accepted the recommendations of a committee constituted for review on Non-Performing Assets of Public Sector Banks, headed by Sunil Mehta (Non-Executive Chairman of Punjab National Bank) proposing “Project Sashakt”, calling for a five-tier approach...

Corporate Insolvency Proceedings: Can Interest be Claimed as a Part of Debt?

[Lyssa Maria Brito is a 4thyear B.B.A.L.L.B. (Hons.) student at School of Law Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru] Introduction Earlier, in section 433(e) of the Companies Act, 1956, there was no distinction provided between a financial and an operational debt. Section 433(e) only provided that a company may be wound up by the court if it is unable to pay its debts. Therefore, the issue...

Subordination of Operational Creditors under IBC: Whether Equitable?

[Vinod Kothari and Sikha Bansal are at Vinod Kothari & Company and can be reached at [email protected]] Introduction Section 53 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) puts unsecured financial creditors above the claims of the governments. These unsecured financial creditors may  actually be even related parties and, therefore, the underlying financial transaction may be...

The Battle against Non-Performing Assets

[Pranjal Doshi is an MCL Candidate, University of Cambridge] The foundation of an enduring banking industry lies in robustly crafted recovery mechanisms. It promotes the stable existence of the borrower-lender relationship. Incongruously, non-performing assets (“NPAs”) have grown substantially in India from 9.2% (September 2016) to 10.2% (September 2017)[1], amounting to ₹8,36,782 crores (October...

Can Liquidator’s Outreach Grab Guarantor’s Assets?

[Sikha Bansal is a Senior Associate at Vinod Kothari & Company and Shreya is a B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab. The authors can be reached at [email protected]] In Punjab National Bank v. Vindhya Vasini Industries Limited, [C.P. ( IB)-1170(MB)] the issue before the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLT”), Mumbai Bench was whether a...

Financial Exposure of Secured Creditors and the Relevance of Vertical Comparison in Resolution

[Richa Saraf is a Legal Advisor at Vinod Kothari Consultants Pvt. Ltd.] An effective conduct of the corporate insolvency resolution process calls for an insight into the ranking of claims of various creditors. In most resolution plans, one finds that the financial creditors are paid a particular value as settlement of claims, and no specific provision exists as to how this amount is to be...

Supreme Court Rules on Mandatory Procedure under the SARFAESI Act

[Partha N. Mansukhani is a Fourth Year B.A. LL.B (Hons.) student at Symbiosis Law School, Pune] The Supreme Court last month in a decision in ITC Limited v. Blue Coast Hotels Ltd. & Ors clarified that section 13(3A) of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002 (the “Act”) is not merely directory, but in fact mandatory...

SARFAESI Amendment: The “Qualified Buyers” Confusion Remains

[Akhileshwari Anand Raj is a 3rd year B.Com LL.B (Hons.) student at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar] The amendments last year to the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) were long overdue. They sought to ensure that the various banking and recovery laws were in consonance with each other, and they also...

Why the RBI and IBBI Need to Work Together to Effectively Handle the Resolution of Stressed Assets

[Anirudh Gotety is a 4th year student pursuing B. B. A., LL. B. (Business Law Honours) at National Law University, Jodhpur. He can be contacted at [email protected]] The introduction of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”) has led to a paradigm shift in the debt recovery mechanism in India. The IBC was a much-needed legislation given the plethora of central and state laws...

Application Under SARFAESI: Supreme Court’s Liberal Approach

[Guest post by Richa Saraf, Assistant Legal Advisor at Vinod Kothari & Co.] In the case of M.D. Frozen Foods Exports Pvt. Ltd. v. Hero Fincorp Ltd.,[1] the Supreme Court held that there was no illegality in a non-banking finance company (“NBFC”) invoking the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (“SARFAESI Act”) for recovery of...

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