AuthorUmakanth Varottil

SEBI on “Control”: Financing vs. Acquisition

Background and Context Under the SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 and its previous version of 1997, it is possible for a person to trigger the mandatory takeover offer requirement even without acquiring a single share in the company. This is because the person may be in “control” of the company as defined in the Takeover Regulations, which is determined...

SEBI Order in the USL Case: Lessons on Tunneling

In countries that are replete with corporate group structures (as in India), it is common to find transactions between a company on the one hand and a counterparty that has some relationship with it on the other. Referred to as a related party transaction (RPT), this could generate benefits if carried out on an arm’s length basis. At the same time, RPTs can be used to divert wealth from listed...

SEBI Informal Guidance: Investment Banking for State-Owned Enterprises

In order to avoid potential conflicts of interest, the various regulations issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) provide that merchant banks cannot act in transactions involving their “associates”. This is so in public offerings, takeovers, buybacks, delisting offers and similar transactions that mandate the requirement for a SEBI-registered merchant banker. In case the...

Binani Cements Insolvency: NCLT Triggers (Yet Another) Auction

The insolvency of Binani Cements has triggered a number of legal issues involving the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. One of those relates to the manner in which the resolution plan has to be approved and implemented, especially in the context where a number of plans have been proposed. In this case, the company entered the insolvency process, following which the committee of creditors...

Papers on Comparative Corporate Law and Governance in Asia

Hostile Takeover Regimes in Asia: A Comparative Approach, which I have co-authored with Wai Yee Wan. The abstract is as follows: “The market for corporate control (operating through hostile takeovers) acts as a key corporate governance mechanism to discipline corporate managers. However, the process and substance of regulating hostile takeovers differs remarkably among various jurisdictions...

CSR Provisions in Operation

In the latest NSE quarterly briefing titled “Statutory CSR Under the Companies Act – Stylized Facts and the Way Forward”, Professor Subrata Sarkar examines the manner in which companies have complied with the provisions relating to corporate social responsibility (CSR) under the Companies Act, 2013. An executive summary of the briefing is as follows: – The legal provision mandating CSR...

Out-of-Court Settlements under the Insolvency Regime

The question of whether the creditors and an insolvent corporate debtor can enter into an out-of-court settlement that results in the withdrawal of the insolvency process has been a vexed one. The issue has received the attention of the Supreme Court on at least three occasions, as previously discussed on this Blog (here, here, here and here). However, as I argue in this column in BloombergQuint...

Briefing on Stakeholder Responsibility of Corporate Boards

The NSE Centre for Excellence in Corporate Governance (CECG) has issued its most recent quarterly briefing titled Stakeholder Responsibility of Corporate Boards, which has been authored by Mihir Naniwadekar and myself. The executive summary is as follows: – The interests of stakeholders (besides shareholders) have become quite prominent to necessitate their recognition by corporate boards;...

More on SEBI’s Order in the Price Waterhouse Case

In an earlier post, Jayant Thakur had discussed the order of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) passed against Price Waterhouse last week. In addition, readers may find the following two further pieces on the legalities of the SEBI order of relevance: In a column titled “SEBI’s ban onPwC:Learnings for an auditor” in Bar & Bench, Kanwardeep Singh examines SEBI’s...

Our Tenth Anniversary

Today marks the tenth anniversary of the IndiaCorpLaw Blog. The first post appeared on December 26, 2007. The Blog was launched with very little, or almost no, expectations as to its future. Surprisingly though, it has survived this long. That can be attributed to a number of factors: we have been fortunate to be joined by a wonderful team of collaborators and guest contributors to keep up the...

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