Exit Offer to Dissenting Shareholders

following guest post is contributed by Yogesh
, who is a Partner at Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas, Advocates &
Solicitors. Views of the author are personal. Yogesh can be reached at [email protected]]
Subsequent to my guest
post dated 30 March 2014
in connection with section 13(8) and section 27(2)
of the Companies Act, 2013, SEBI issued a discussion
on 1 December 2015 for providing exit to dissenting shareholders.
Public comments were invited by SEBI on the discussion paper by 23 December
2015. The norms were finally notified by SEBI on 17 February 2016 by inserting chapter
to the SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirement) Regulations,
2009. As pointed out in my guest post, correspondingly, SEBI also
the provisions of SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and
Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 by providing an exemption to the
promoter/shareholder in control of the listed company from making an open
offer, if the acquisition is pursuant to the provisions of chapter VI-A.
In terms of the provisions of chapter VI-A,
only those dissenting shareholders of the issuer who are holding shares as on
the relevant date are eligible to avail the exit offer. “Relevant date” means
date of the board meeting in which the proposal for change in objects or
variation in terms of a contract, referred to in the prospectus is approved,
before seeking shareholders’ approval. Thus, investors who invested in the
company through secondary market will also be eligible to participate in the
exit offer, apart from the shareholders who were the original allottees at the
time of listing.
As regards the level of response by the
dissenting shareholders in the exit offer, it is quite possible that, if the
prevailing market price of the shares of the company traded on the stock
exchanges during the tendering period is higher than the exit offer price, the
dissenting shareholder may not participate in the exit offer. Chapter VI-A does
not make it binding on the dissenting shareholders to participate in the exit
offer, even if they have voted against the resolution for change in objects or
variation in terms of a contract, referred to in the prospectus of the issuer.
Therefore, in such a situation, it is possible that, no shares will be tendered
in the exit offer, and the exit offer turns out to be an academic exercise.
In terms of chapter VI-A, the dissenting
shareholders who have tendered their shares in acceptance of the exit offer, even
have an option to withdraw their acceptance till the date of closure of the
tendering period.
It is mandatory for promoter/shareholder in
control of a listed company to  provide
an exit offer in terms of chapter VI-A, if there is any change in objects or
variation in the terms of contract referred to in the prospectus. In other
words, there is no provision that the exit opportunity should only be provided,
if the amount utilized is higher than a specified percentage of the total
amount raised for the objects of the issue.

– Yogesh Chande

About the author

Umakanth Varottil

Umakanth Varottil is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore. He specializes in corporate law and governance, mergers and acquisitions and cross-border investments. Prior to his foray into academia, Umakanth was a partner at a pre-eminent law firm in India.

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