Briefing on Related Party Transactions

The NSE Centre for
Excellence in Corporate Governance has published its quarterly briefing on “Related Party
”, which has been authored by Professor Vikramaditya Khanna. The
executive summary is as follows:
– Related Party Transactions
(RPTs) are a topic of increasing interest around the world, especially as some
of them have been associated with quite well known frauds.
– Boards, shareholders and
other governance actors can play an important role in preventing value-decreas-
ing RPTs while not dissuading many value-enhancing RPTs.
– Commonplace in India, RPTs
occur in varying ways, and can have a large impact on financial performance.
– Prior to 2013, India’s
regulatory regime focused primarily on disclosure of RPTs (although there were
some explicit limits on RPTs), but did not, by and large, require approval of
RPTs by disinterested or in- dependent parties.
– The Companies Act 2013
created a new regime that required disinterested or independent approval for
many RPTs bringing India into alignment with global standards.
– There remain concerns with
the Companies Act 2013 – in particular, some RPTs are not covered by the new
law, the selection of independent directors may raise concerns, and enforcement
mechanisms are not very efficacious.
– The success of the new RPT
regulation in India may also depend on the degree of shareholder activism in

About the author

Umakanth Varottil

Umakanth Varottil is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore. He specializes in corporate law and governance, mergers and acquisitions and cross-border investments. Prior to his foray into academia, Umakanth was a partner at a pre-eminent law firm in India.

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