by Shampita Das of Vinod Kothari
& Co. She can be contacted at sham[email protected]]
amending the SEBI
(Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009 (‘ICDR
Regulations’) to make grading of an initial public offer (‘IPO’) by one or more
credit rating agencies voluntary by companies. In addition to such amendment,
SEBI also altered the format of the Statement of Assets and Liabilities that
needs to be disclosed by issuing companies in their offer document.
force from 5 February 2014.
(a) IPO Grading made voluntary
Regulations lists out the eligibility requirements applicable to a public
issue. Regulation 26 of Chapter III enumerates the requirements in case of an
IPO. Sub-regulation of Regulation 26 provides the following:
offer, unless as on the date of registering prospectus or red herring
prospectus with the Registrar of Companies, the issuer has obtained grading for
the initial public offer from at least one credit rating agency registered with
disclosed by companies in the prospectus / red herring prospectus of the IPO.
substituted with the following:
offer may obtain grading for such
offer from one or more credit rating agencies registered with the Board.”
the mandatory requirement of obtaining grading for an IPO before issuing the
prospectus / red herring prospectus with the Registrar of Companies has been
now made recommendatory/voluntary by companies coming out with an IPO.
in the wake of the slowdown that has been surrounding the primary market since
January 2010. The necessity of IPO grading had kept out many companies from
gaining access to the primary market. The BSE IPO index, which tracks the value
of companies for two years after they list, fell over 37% to 1,300 between 4
January 2010 and 31 December 2011. 82 out of the 112 companies which came out
with IPOs in the year 2010 and 2011 are trading below their issue price.
However, the BSE IPO index has risen by 28% to 1679 in the year 2012, with just
2 out of 17 companies listed were trading below their issue price.
The major IPO that came out in 2013 was from Just Dial Limited which is
currently witnessing a gain % of 151.19.
interest of the investors and can act as a deterrent to informed investment
decision by investors. Credit rating acts as a benchmark based on which
investments are made. Credit rating agencies used various parameters to
determine the grading of a company. A higher grade meant that the company had
strong fundamentals. Such an assessment would now not be possible, as companies
with weaker fundamentals would prefer to avoid such a process altogether
leading to misguided investment.
option could have been prescribed for certain class or scale of companies, for
instance, companies with a certain net worth or capital or volume and quantum
of the proposed issue.
(b) Amendment to Statement of Assets and Liabilities
Assets and Liabilities was provided in sub-para IX in para 2 of Part A to
Schedule VIII of the ICDR Regulations. The Statement was divided under 5 heads,
namely (1) Fixed Assets, (2) Current assets, loans and advances, (3)
Liabilities and Provisions, (4) Net Worth, (5) Represented by (based on net worth).
with the format of Balance Sheet under Part I Schedule III of the Companies
Act, 2013. As per the amendment, the heads have been divided into 5 categories
namely, (1) Equity & Liabilities, (2) Non Current Liabilities, (3) Current
Liabilities, (4) Non Current Assets, and (5) Current Assets. The calculation of
‘net worth’, as shown in the previous Statement, has been done away with.