The Reserve Bank of India has issued a revised draft of its guidelines on securitisation transactions. This takes into account reform efforts internationally to deal with distorted incentives of originators in downselling financial assets soon after their creation.
The preamble to the revised draft sets forth the rationale:
1.1 Securitisation involves the pooling of assets and the subsequent sale of the cash flows from these asset pools to investors. The securitization market is primarily intended to redistribute the credit risk away from the originators to a wide spectrum of investors who can bear the risk, thus aiding financial stability and to provide an additional source of funding. The recent crisis in the credit markets has called into question the desirability of certain aspects of securitization activity as well as of many elements of the ‘originate to distribute’ business model, because of their possible influence on originators’ incentives and the potential misalignment of interests of the originators and investors. While the securitization framework in India has been reasonably prudent, certain imprudent practices have reportedly developed like origination of loans with the sole intention of immediate securitization and securitization of tranches of project loans even before the total disbursement is complete, thereby passing on the project implementation risk to investors.
1.2 With a view to developing an orderly and healthy securitization market, to ensure greater alignment of the interests of the originators and the investors, as also to encourage the development of the securitization activity in a manner consistent with the aforesaid objectives, several proposals for post-crisis reform are being considered internationally. Central to this is the idea that originators should retain a portion of each securitization originated, as a mechanism to better align incentives and ensure more effective screening of loans. In addition, a minimum period of retention of loans prior to securitization is also considered desirable, to give comfort to the investors regarding the due diligence exercised by the originators. Keeping in view the above objectives and the international work on these accounts, guidelines have been formulated regarding the Minimum Holding Period (MHP) and Minimum Retention Requirement (MRR).
The draft contains all the detailed operational guidelines that are to be complied with to achieve the above policy objectives.