Buyback and Takeover Regulations

The issue of whether a buyback of shares will trigger an open offer under the Takeover Regulations has been the subject-matter of extensive discussion on this Blog. In addition, one of our guest contributors, Somasekhar Sundaresan, has a guest column in the Business Standard, which details the issues involved and makes some proposals for change. He states:

“It is true that promoters in control of the company could use their control to expend company money to buy back shareholders and enjoy the consequential hike in stake. However, should Sebi desire to impose an open offer obligation pursuant to a buy-back, Sebi ought to correspondingly remove the ban on promoters participating in the buy-back.

There is another legislative option. Sebi could make it mandatory that the promoters refrain from voting on buy-back proposals, both at the level of the board decisions and at shareholder meetings, if their stake were to go up beyond 5 per cent. If the rest of the shareholders and the board were to implement the buy-back without the promoters voting, then an involuntary increase of any level of percentage holding of the promoter ought not to result in an open offer.”

The essence of this approach is to consider whether the promoters have been instrumental in the buy back (through exercise of control) or not.

It is necessary to note, however, that SEBI has announced amendments to the Takeover Regulations (discussed here and here) since publication of the above column.

About the author

Umakanth Varottil

Umakanth Varottil is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore. He specializes in corporate law and governance, mergers and acquisitions and cross-border investments. Prior to his foray into academia, Umakanth was a partner at a pre-eminent law firm in India.

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