TagDerivatives

Australian Court on Rating Complex Financial Instruments

The Federal Court of Australia has delivered an important ruling that pertains to the liability of credit rating agencies. In Bathurst Regional Council v. Local Government Financial Services Pty Ltd, the court found that Standard & Poors (S&P) was liable to several local councils in Australia for a AAA rating provided in connection with their investment in complex financial instruments...

Black Money: Corporate Entities and Securities Markets

The Government yesterday tabled its White Paper on Black Money in Parliament. Billed as the first document to comprehensively tackle the issue, it cites various studies and is replete with data. However, it has already been subjected to criticism from various quarters owing to the lack of details and clarity in solutions to deal with the issue. This post, however, briefly touches upon the role of...

Enforceability of Put and Call Options in India

I have posted a working paper tentatively titled Investment Agreements in India: Is There an ‘Option’?, the abstract of which is as follows: Put and call options are ubiquitous in modern investment agreements, such as those involving joint ventures as well as private equity and venture capital investments. The enforceability of put and call options in Indian companies has been the...

Regulating Offshore Derivative Instruments

Over the last few years, SEBI has been adopting various strategies to regulate the use of offshore derivative instruments (ODIs) such as participatory notes that enable foreign investors to participate in the Indian markets without actually owning the underlying securities. The strategies include restricting the use of ODIs, and also requiring the application of know-your-client norms (KYC) by...

RBI’s Draft Guidelines on CDS

Following its draft report released in August 2010, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued draft guidelines on credit default swaps (CDSs) for corporate bonds. One of the principal objectives of this effort is to boost the corporate bond market. As RBI notes: The objective of introducing Credit Default Swaps (CDS) on corporate bonds is to provide market participants a tool to transfer and...

Barclays Order: ODI Restrictions Lifted by SEBI

In December 2009, we had discussed SEBI’s order whereby Barclays was found to have failed in complying with certain disclosure norms while issuing offshore derivative instruments (ODIs) under the SEBI (Foreign Institutional Investors) Regulations, 1995. For this, SEBI had prohibited Barclays from issuing, subscribing or otherwise transacting in any ODIs until reporting systems are put in place to...

Further Measures to Boost Infrastructure Financing

In continuation of previous measures, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has taken additional steps to enable financing in the infrastructure sector. First, the proposed introduction of credit default swaps on corporate bonds (discussed here) covers corporate bonds issued by Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) of rated infrastructure companies “keeping in view the need for development of the...

RBI Proposes Credit Default Swaps on Corporate Bonds

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued a draft report that proposes the introduction of credit default swaps (CDS) for corporate bonds. Comments are due on the proposal by October 4, 2010. The move to create a market for CDS in India has been delayed for the last few years due to a lack of adequate risk management systems and lessons learned from the financial crisis (where CDS is alleged to...

Physical Settlement in Derivatives Trading

Over a decade ago, when trading in derivatives was commenced on Indian stock exchanges, it was decided that such instruments must be introduced in a phased manner. This was following the recommendations in the L.C. Gupta Committee report. Consequently, various types of derivatives were introduced at different points in time – index futures, futures in specific securities, options and so on...

More Controversy over Forex Derivatives

Over the past two years, forex derivatives have generated substantial legal controversy in India, perhaps because of the relatively recent rise in the use of these instruments in India. We have discussed the challenge to the legality of derivatives as wagering agreements, their regulation, taxability and other related issues. The latest addition to this chapter of uncertainty is a report that the...

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