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Analyzing the Applicability of GAAR to Schemes of Arrangement

[Varun Kannan is a 4thyear student at NUJS, Kolkata]. In a recent post on this Blog, Prof. Umakanth Varottil has elaborately examined the NCLT decision rejecting the proposed scheme of merger of Gabs Investments Private Limited into Ajanta Pharma Limited. In this post, I shall specifically analyze the applicability of the General Anti-Avoidance Rules (“GAAR”) against a proposed scheme of...

Law on Corporate Opportunity: India at Crossroads

[Angad Singh Makkar is a 4th year BA LLB (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School in Sonipat, Haryana] The equitable rule of corporate opportunity, which aims to balance the fiduciary duty owed by a director to the company and the director’s serving of individual entrepreneurial interests, has been varyingly applied across several jurisdictions. Most notably, while the courts in the United...

Retrospective Operation of the Limitation Act: Impact on Insolvency Proceedings

[Vaidehi Soni and Pulkit Khare are 4th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) students at The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi] Background The Insolvency Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“Code”) allows creditors to approach the adjudicating authority, being the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLT”), to seek a collective procedure for insolvency resolution. However, there were rising concerns before...

Attachment of Property: Efficacy of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act in the Backdrop of the Criminal Procedure Code

[Surya Rajkumar is a third year law student at the Jindal Global Law School, Haryana] Introduction The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018(the “Act”) came into force on the 21 April 2018. According to its preamble, the Act provides “for measures to deter fugitive economic offenders from evading the process of law in India by staying outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts………”. While there are...

Liquidation Process (Second Amendment) Regulations: An Analysis

[Richa Saraf and Devisha Dhanuka are with Vinod Kothari Consultants Private Limited] By way of a notification dated 27 March 2018, the very first amendment was brought to regulation 32 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016 (“Regulations”) with effect from 1 April 2018 to permit a sale of the corporate debtor as a going concern. The insertion was...

Supreme Court’s Balanced Approach to Damages under Contract Law

[Anujay Shrivastava is a 4th Year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat] Section 73 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 governs the compensation for damages arising from a breach of contract or failure to discharge obligations resembling those created by contract, while section 74 governs the compensation for damages where penalty is stipulated in the contract. In either...

New Measures to Spur FDI in the Indian Defence Sector

[Bhavin Gada is a Partner and Soumya Shanker a Senior Associate at M/s Economic Laws Practice, Advocates and Solicitors. The views of the authors are personal] Timeline of Liberalisation of FDI Regime From 2000 to 2016, foreign investment in the Indian defence sector has been approximately USD 5.12 million. Looking at the total foreign investment inflows to India, one could say that this...

The Common Ownerships Conundrum

[Parag Srivastava and Poonam Pal Sharma are members of the law firm Nishith Desai Associates. The views represented in this post are strictly personal and do not represent the views of the firm] The insidious yet hitherto unspoken subject of horizontal shareholders has been in recent limelight due to its mention in the order by the Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) in its Ola Meru Cabs Case...

NCLT on Scheme of Arrangement and Tax Avoidance

Background Schemes of arrangement have been a useful method of implementing mergers and acquisitions in the Indian context. Historically under the Companies Act, 1956, schemes were supervised by the High Courts, but the Companies Act, 2013 conferred that jurisdiction upon the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT). Under the regime set forth in the 1956 Act, the High Courts had adopted a largely...

Payments Regulatory Board: Merits and Criticisms

[Tishya Saran and Aayush Grover are both 5th year students of Government Law College, Mumbai] Introduction The Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) and the Central Government seem to be embroiled in a regulatory tussle. It all started when an Inter-Ministerial Committee (the “Committee”) set up by the Department of Economic Affairs, in a report published by it (the “Report”), proposed the establishment...

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