ArchiveSeptember 2017

The NCLAT on the Ability of a Power of Attorney Holder to Initiate Insolvency Proceedings

[Guest post by Richa Saraf, Assistant Legal Advisor at Vinod Kothari & Co.] In Palogix Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. v. ICICI Bank Ltd. (decided on 20 September 2017), the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (“NCLAT”) held that a power of attorney holder is not authorised to present an insolvency application under sections 7, 9 and 10 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”). It is...

Employee’s Right to Sue after Obtaining Full and Final Settlement from Employer

[Guest post by Ravi Pandey, IX Semester, National Law University, Lucknow] Full and final settlement is usually used by the employers to absolve themselves from all the previous dues and claims of their employees. It is usually actuated in the form of a settlement contract and effectively concludes the employer-employee relationship. Ideally such a settlement ought to serve its purpose and lead...

Efficacy or Exclusivity: Can Parties Seek Interim Relief Outside a Seat under the Indian Arbitration Act?

[Guest post by Nishanth Vasanth, NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad] Introduction & Context In international arbitration, the exclusive jurisdiction of the seat seeks to prevent courts of two nations from simultaneously exercising territorial jurisdiction over a matter, so as to uphold the sanctity of the final award. Courts, under UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration...

Ascertaining Legal Ramifications of Compensation Agreements- Part III (In Search of Common Law Defences to Statutory Violations)

[The following post, the third in a series, has been contributed by Rahul Sibal, 4th year student of NALSAR Hyderabad. The first two posts in the series are available here and here.] In the previous post it was argued that section 166  of the Companies Act, 2013 (the ‘Act’), which partially codified the common law doctrines of no-conflict and no-profit, did not provide for consent-based...

Restrictions on Layering of Subsidiaries Now Effective

In two earlier posts published in July (here and here), our guest contributors had voiced their trenchant criticism of the Government’s move to introduce restrictions of the ability of companies to create layers of subsidiaries. After a round of consultation, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has decided to implement the restrictions, which have now been brought into force. The MCA has...

NCLAT Ruling on Maintainability in the Tata Sons Case

Earlier this week, the National Company Law Tribunal (“NCLAT”) issued its ruling in Cyrus Investments Pvt Ltd v. Tata Sons Ltd on whether the Mistry group’s action for oppression and mismanagement in respect of Tata Sons is maintainable. Although the NCLAT ruled that the Mistry group’s petition did not meet the requirements of maintainability under section 244 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the...

Supreme Court Decodes “Dispute” under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code

[Guest post by R. Jawahar Lal and Sanjeev Jain, who are Partners, and Apoorva Agrawal, who is an Associate, all at PRA Law Offices, New Delhi. Disclosure: PRA Law Offices represented Kirusa Software Private Limited (Operational Creditor) before the Supreme Court, the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal at New Delhi and the National Company Law Tribunal, Mumbai Bench.] Introduction The...

NCLAT Excludes Proceedings under the Constitution from Moratorium

[Guest post by Aayush Mitruka, a lawyer based in Delhi.] In an earlier post, I had discussed the moratorium provision (i.e., section 14) under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (the “Code”), the legislative intent behind the provision and its impact on proceedings for dishonor of cheques under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. More recently, in Canara Bank v Deccan Chronicle Holdings...

Conversion of Tata Sons into a Private Limited Company: In Whose Interest?

The proposed conversion of Tata Sons Limited from a public limited company to a private limited company has reignited the corporate governance issues that the Tata Group has faced over the last year or so. Menaka Doshi has an interesting piece (and an accompanying interview with two corporate lawyers) in BloombergQuint that sets out some of the background to why Tata Sons proposes (and that too...

Private Equity Investors as Promoters in an Initial Public Offer

[Guest post by Rashmi Ramanath, who is a 5th year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) student at Jindal Global Law School in Sonipat] The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of SKS Microfinance was a first of its kind. It was for the first time that a group of four venture capitalists led by Sequoia Capital India were named as promoters to an issue. Vikram Akula, one of the company’s founders, owned a 6% stake in the...

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